VERIFICATION OF GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS REPORTS (EU ETS scheme)
WHY ARE GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS EVEN ADDRESSED?
At a time when there is an evidence of global warming due to human activities, it was necessary to take measures to reverse this unfavourable trend. For this purpose, a mandatory greenhouse gas emissions allowance trading scheme (EU ETS) has been established in the European Union, involving specific businesses and operations. The operators covered by the EU ETS shall be assigned the amounts of emissions that they can produce and release into the atmosphere. The emissions they save are then traded on the market and bring economic benefits to them. Vice versa, if the operator produces more emissions than was assigned to him, he must buy the surplus. Thus, through the EU ETS, operators are forced to behave responsibly and reduce their emissions.
The emissions allowance trading process is controlled by Directive 2003/87/EC in the European Union, which establishes the emissions allowance trading scheme. Each member state has its own specific trading requirements. In the Slovak Republic, emission allowance trading is regulated by the Act No. 414/2012 Coll. on emissions trading.
RULES IN THE SLOVAK REPUBLIC
In order to be involved in emissions allowance trading, operators need to know their actual amounts of greenhouse gas emissions. The quantities must be reported to the Ministry of the Environment of the Slovak Republic in the form of a report, which must be verified by a verifier qualified for this activity. The verifications may only be carried out by the entities accredited by the accreditation body. As an impartial, independent and professional recognition, the accreditation brings a great deal of confidence and certainty in the process that verifications will be actually carried out by the qualified staff at the required professional level.
- Verification of GHG annual emission report
- Verification of reports of the activity of operation
- other verification required by the client